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Standard 1♠ opening by East with an easy rebid of 2♥ s to show 5+/4+ shape.
West can bid 2♣ .
After East rebids 2♥ s this shows a currrent miss fit so a useful convention is 'Fourth Suit Forcing'. It does not show ♦ s but forces East to either:
So after bidding 3NT it should just make.
South should not open with this 11 HCP points, though 5♠ /4♥ s is easy to bid and rebid. The K♣ singleton risks not having 3 HCPs of value. In position 3 after 2 passes 1♠ might be worth considering for its pre-emptive value.
North opens 1♣ with an easy 1NT rebid to show a balanced 15-16 HCPs.
South responds 1♠
Then North rebids 1NT.
South has a difficult decision, there is a game, so do you show your weak ♥ suit by bidding 3♥ s or rebid 3NT.
It costs nothing to bid 3♥ s, showing the shape and in this case North will raise to 4♥ s which in principle is the best contract. However the 3♥ bid shows the shape and identifies the lead of ♦ s. In this case a ♦ lead is not a problem.
Safe rebid of ♦ s so East can open 1♦ .
West has loads of HCPs so can bid 2♣ as he has enough points to rebid ♥ s.
East rebids 2♦ s.
West jump bids 3♥ s, which may be only a stop in ♥ s looking for 3NTs.
With a ♠ stop East can bid 3NTs.
West is interested in a slam and can bid 4NT to 'quantitatively' invite a slam.
East is minimum but has a 6 card suit headed by AK and an outside A which is great for a slam. So bids 6♦ .
West will be tempted to bid 6NT which makes but is difficult to make.
West with 19HCPs can only open 1♥ .
North can make life difficult with a 3♦ or with 8♦ s bid 4♦ s.
Over 3♦ s east can either bid 3♠ s or double. Double gives more options and suggests support for the other suits. West can then bid 3NT as he has good stops against ♦ s.
Over 4♦ east should also double. Then West has a difficult decision, whether to bid 4♥ s as their is implied support for ♥ s, 4NT (to play - Not Blackwood) or pass for penalties. In this case passing is the best decision though on other hands 4NT might be a better decision.
Not an easy one!
West can bid a pre-emptive 2♦ . Some might not like this as he also has 4♠ s. Some may open 1♦ as with a 6/4 suit combination is often a strong distribution and this hand meets the rule of 19 but not 20.
North has points, not an ideal distribution but can double.
South has to bid, the only 4 card suit is ♣ s so 3♣ buys the auction.
East has an easy 2♦ pre-emptive opening.
North overcalls 2♠
South raises to 3♠ s
North with a good hand raises to 4♠ s.
East has an easy lead because of the 2♦ bid - a low ♦ , partners suit.
If East has not bid, against 4♠ s East is unlikely to lead a ♦ and all other leads lead to 4♠ s making. On a ♦ lead 4♠ s goes off one.
East is better to bid 1NT with his balanced 5332 hand rather than 1♥ .
West has a great source of tricks with his long solid ♣ c, so can bid 3NT the best contract.
With 15-18 HCPs north can double Wests 1NT opening bid.
It is important to have an agreed defence of 1NT doubled as this often occurs.
A transfer 'wriggle' is often used.
redouble = ♣ s
♣ s = ♦ s
♦ s = ♥ s
♥ s = ♠ s
In this case you arrive at the best contract of 2♠ s..
North opens 1♣ with an easy rebid of 2♣ .
South bids his 4 card ♠ suit and North rebids 2♣ .
South shows 11-12 HCPs with 2NT.
North can either pass or bid 3NT as the ♣ might be a good source of tricks.
Worth using the hand playing function on the website. To defeat 3NT west needs to lead a ♦ . With the bidding west is likely to lead a low ♥ . Same strength as ♦ suit, but often NT bidders will have mentioned a major if they had it. However this time it is not right.