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Registered charity number 1165095
Two passes and then a standard 1NT with 12-14 and a balanced hand.
East transfers to ♠ s by bidding 2♥ .
Generally this will play easier and score higher in duplicate than 1NT.
With best play you can make 2 more tricks in ♠ s than NTs.
Balanced hand but with 15 points, plan to bid 1♣ and rebid 1NT to show 15-16 HCPs.
South can overcall 1♥ with 5♥ s. For an overcall you can take a King away from a normal opening bid to make the overcall.
Wests double shows 8+points and support for the other suits.
East bids should probably bid 2NT as if West has a bit more you can get to game. 1NT here probably shows a 12-14 point hand with clubs and denying 4♠ s (the priority to show over the double).
West has more than 8 points and can raise to 3NT.
West opens 1♦ , the East response of 2♣ s shows 8+points so West knows they have enough for game.
3♦ shows 16+ HCPs and long ♦ s.
East shows a ♠ stop to look for 3NT which is often the best contract for duplicate.
West bids 3NT which looks a safe game.
6♦ is a lot riskier opposite a passed hand and should not make from West.
South doubles with 15-17HCPs
West passes as he knows they have 20+ HCPs
North must do something as he knows 1NT doubled will make.
There are systems like Landy which would help.
But with natural bids, bid your 5 +card suit or in this case bid your lowest suit which will be probably be passed out.
East has to choose between showing his 5♣ s or 4♠ s.
With only HCPs East may struggle to show his ♠ s if West responds 2♦ s. So in this case he should bid 1♠. If East has 12+ HCPs he can show his 5♣ s first as he will then be able to bid ♠ s later as they will probably be going to game.
West jumps to 3♣ s to show 16+ HCPs.
East knows they have game values but ♣ s or NTs?
A useful tool is 4th suit forcing which is often used to find a stop for NT or clarify the hand distribuition. If West has a ♦ stop he can bid 3NT. If not he could show 3♠ s if he had them or 3♥ s if he had an additional ♥ . West does not have a good bid. The ♦ stop is only a doubleton and is very risky, but a less risky bid is 3♥ s, lying on the the length, but it is a good suit.
Over the 3NT East will pass. Over 3♥ s East will support the ♣ s and the best contract of 5♣ s is found.
Not an easy hand.
1NT by West.
East will transfer with 2♦ showing ♥ s
South will compete with 2♠ s.
West should pass as he has only 2♥ s
East should then show his other 5 card suit by bidding 3♣ s which can be passed by West, though he may be tempted to bid 3♥ s.
North Preempts with a length of 7 - 3♥ s
East and South will pass.
West has a difficult decision between pass, double, 3NT, 4♦ s and perhaps 4NT.
If North has 7 HCPs (an average for a preempt), added to Wests 17, that leaves 16 HCPs between East and South. If East has the average amount they have 17 + 8HCPs = 25 and enough for game.
If West doubles (terrible shape for a double) East will likely bid ♠ s, then if West bids ♦ s, East may work out that East has 5♦ s and 4♣ s and a strong hand. If he had bid 4NT which is the unusual NT he shows 5/5 in ♦ and ♣s (a lie).
4♦ s by West is a possible bid and did well tonight.
3NT is a gamble that, but with good ♥ stops worth a try though it is difficult to make.
Standard 1NT opening.
West has to decide between 3♦ s which may lead to a slam in ♦ s or 3NT which is a safer bid and that generally scores well. Which it does in this case.
1♥ by opener.
West can do a weak jump overcall with 6-9 and a 6+ card suit. Risky, but it makes life difficult for North.
North has 8HCPs so should double, though the shape is not great.
Then South has to decide between 3♥ s and 3♦ s. Difficult the 6 + 0/1/2 ♥ fit may play OK but you may miss a better 4/4♦ fit.
1♦ opening by South.
1♥ response by North
Raised to 2♥ s by South
Norths hand looks good for 9 points. He has Aces rather than Qs (that are overvalued) and a couple of 10s comibined with support for the ♦ s of opener so he can invite game with 3♥ s and south with good shape and a singleton ♠ can bid game.