|Questions and Answers about 'Psyches'
A psyche — short for 'psychic bid' — is a deliberate and gross mis-statement of honour strength and/or suit length.
A psychic bid is a legitimate ploy as long as it contains the same element of surprise for the psycher’s partner as it does for the opponents.
A deviation is a deliberate but minor mis-statement of honour strength and/or suit length.
- Repeated deviations lead to implicit understandings which then form part of the partnership’s methods and must be disclosed in accordance with the regulations governing disclosure of system.
- Systemic psyching of any kind is not permitted.
- If the Director judges there is undisclosed knowledge that has damaged the opponents he shall adjust the score and may award a procedural penalty.
- Players are required to disclose their agreements, both explicit and implicit. If a player believes, from partnership experience, that partner may have deviated from the system this must be disclosed to the opponents.
- The actions of the psycher’s partner following a psyche — and, possibly, further actions by the psycher himself — may provide evidence of an undisclosed, and therefore illegal, understanding. If so, then the partnership is said to have ‘fielded’ the psyche.
- The Tournament Director will judge actions objectively by the standards of a player’s peers — that is to say, the intentions of the bidders will not be taken into account.
- As the judgement by the director will be objective, some players may be understandably upset that their actions are ruled to be fielding. If a player psyches and their partner takes action that appears to allow for it, then the TD will treat it as fielding.
A partnership’s actions on one board may be sufficient for the director to find that it has an concealed partnership understanding (CPU) and the score will be adjusted in principle. This is classified as a red psyche.
Most members do not psyche at all. The club committee believes that the general membership wants to know which players may make bids that cannot be relied upon. Directors need to know, from the trend of recorded incidents, where there may be concealed partnership understandings.
- Psychic bids do not have to be reported but a player may ask the director to record them.
- To do so is not to accuse the opponents of malpractice.
- The director may use evidence from a partnership’s actions on two or more boards to assess a partnership’s understandings.
- Whilst a single instance may not provide sufficient evidence of a CPU to warrant a score adjustment, a repetition reinforces the conclusion that one exists.
- In other words, if two similar psyches are classified as amber, the classification of both automatically becomes red, and the score on all such boards within that session is adjusted accordingly.
- The director may record any hand if they think fit.
- Players whose partners have bid a psyche or a deviation which has been recorded in the Psyche Book are given the chance to explain their actions in writing. This is because it is that player whose subsequent bidding and play is being looked at.
- Such players who do not explain their actions must realise that failure to do so might lead to unfortunate conclusions. Notably, players who fail to raise partner in such circumstances and do not explain their actions must expect their actions to be judged to be fielding.