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Laws Of Bridge

CBAI Alerting Policy

 ALERTING

At the start of every round each pair MUST inform their opponents of their basic system (e. g. forcing club, strength of no trump opening, 4 or 5 card majors) and their carding methods and in particular any unusual openings for which opponents may need to prepare.

(a)              The purpose of alerting is to advise your opponents that your partners call has a special meaning.

(b)              The alert is made by the partner of the person making the alertable call. It is the responsibility of the alerter to ensure the opponents are made aware that an alert has been made.

(c)              An alert is made by placing the alert card on the table in front of the alerter.

(d)              Alert any call of your partner which you believe to be alertable even if you can’t explain its meaning.

(e)              During the bidding no call above the level of 3NT is to be alerted unless it occurs on the first round of bidding. Calls above the level of 3NT after the first round of the auction are to be alerted at end of the bidding. The dummy or declarer alerts the defenders before the opening lead. The defenders alert after the opening lead has been made but before it is faced.

(f)               The correct way to ask for information following an alert is to say “Please Explain” you may only enquire when it’s your turn to bid. 

ALERTABLE CALLS

You should alert (a) Any Call that is a convention

                                    (b) Any bid that is natural but unexpectedly weak

                                    (c) A forcing raise of a natural opening one of a suit

The following bids are considered natural and do not require an alert. Any offer to play in a suit named for the first time which shows:                   (a) Three or more cards in a major suit

                                    (b) Four or more cards in a major suit and says nothing about any other suit

The following conventional bids in common use need not be alerted: Stayman 2 club response to a INT opening bid

Strong ACOL 2 club opening bid

ANNOUNCENENTS

Announcements in the following 3 instances will be made each time the Bid is made:

1.      When partner opens 1NT you have to stage the range (e.g. “12 – 14”)

2.      When partner opens a “short or “prepared” minor, you say could be short

3.      When partner responds 2D 2H or 2S as a “Transfer”- you say “Transfer”

PSYCHING

It is forbidden to psych a conventional opening bid

DOUBLES

Any double on the first round of bidding of a one or two level suit is deemed to be for TAKE OUT

All other doubles are deemed to be for penalties, unless otherwise alerted.

Counting your cards

Tournament director was called to a table the other night. A problem arose when it was discovered towards then end of the game that East had started with 14 cards and West had started with only 12 cards. North/South were in their contract and had committed no foul.

TD rules as follows -

(a) East/West from the previous round who misplaced the cards were given a warning

(b) East /West who found the problem were awareded Average Minus as they have a responsibility to count their cards before looking at same. ( Had one of them done so the error would have been discovered and fixed,)

(c) North/South were awared an average as they were not involved in the problem.

Dummy's Rights
Bridge Laws

Players at the Table cannot invoke these Laws

They must call the Tournament Director for Clarification

Players at no stage are allowed to make rulings themselves

Laws 2013

CBAI Alerting Policy

 ALERTING

At the start of every round each pair MUST inform their opponents of their basic system (e. g. forcing club, strength of no trump opening, 4 or 5 card majors) and their carding methods and in particular any unusual openings for which opponents may need to prepare.

(a)              The purpose of alerting is to advise your opponents that your partners call has a special meaning.

(b)              The alert is made by the partner of the person making the alertable call. It is the responsibility of the alerter to ensure the opponents are made aware that an alert has been made.

(c)              An alert is made by placing the alert card on the table in front of the alerter.

(d)              Alert any call of your partner which you believe to be alertable even if you can’t explain its meaning.

(e)              During the bidding no call above the level of 3NT is to be alerted unless it occurs on the first round of bidding. Calls above the level of 3NT after the first round of the auction are to be alerted at end of the bidding. The dummy or declarer alerts the defenders before the opening lead. The defenders alert after the opening lead has been made but before it is faced.

(f)               The correct way to ask for information following an alert is to say “Please Explain” you may only enquire when it’s your turn to bid. 

ALERTABLE CALLS

You should alert (a) Any Call that is a convention

                                    (b) Any bid that is natural but unexpectedly weak

                                    (c) A forcing raise of a natural opening one of a suit

The following bids are considered natural and do not require an alert. Any offer to play in a suit named for the first time which shows:                   (a) Three or more cards in a major suit

                                    (b) Four or more cards in a major suit and says nothing about any other suit

The following conventional bids in common use need not be alerted: Stayman 2 club response to a INT opening bid

Strong ACOL 2 club opening bid

ANNOUNCENENTS

Announcements in the following 3 instances will be made each time the Bid is made:

1.      When partner opens 1NT you have to stage the range (e.g. “12 – 14”)

2.      When partner opens a “short or “prepared” minor, you say could be short

3.      When partner responds 2D 2H or 2S as a “Transfer”- you say “Transfer”

PSYCHING

It is forbidden to psych a conventional opening bid

DOUBLES

Any double on the first round of bidding of a one or two level suit is deemed to be for TAKE OUT

All other doubles are deemed to be for penalties, unless otherwise alerted.

Conduct & Etiquette - Law 74

 

A.     Proper Attitude

B.     Etiquette

C.     Violations of Procedure

 

A. Proper Attitude

1. A player should maintain a courteous attitude at all times.

2. A player should carefully avoid any remark or action that might cause annoyance or embarrassment to another player or might interfere with the enjoyment of the game.

3. Every Player should follow uniform and correct procedure in calling and playing.

 

B. Etiquette

            As a matter of courtesy a player should refrain from:

1.      Paying insufficient attention to the game.

2.      Making gratuitous comments during the auction and play.

3.      Detaching a card before it is his turn to play.

4.      Prolonging play unnecessarily (as in playing on although he knows that all the tricks are surely his) for the purpose of disconcerting an opponent.

5.      Summoning and addressing the Director in a manner discourteous to him or the other contestants.

 

C. Violations of Procedure

            The following are example of violations of procedure:

            1. Using different designations for the same call.

            2. Indicating approval or disapproval of a call or play.

3. Indicating the expectation or intention of winning or losing a trick that has not been completed.

4. Commenting or acting during the auction or play so as to call attention to a significant occurrence, or to the number of tricks still required for success.

5. Looking Intently at any other player during the auction and play, or at another player’s hand as for the purpose of seeing his cards or of observing the place from which he draws a card (but it is appropriate to act on information acquired by unintentionally seeing an opponent’s card**).

6. Showing an obvious lack of further interest in a deal (as by folding ones cards).

7. Varying the normal tempo of bidding or play for the purpose of disconcerting an opponent.

8. Leaving the table needlessly before the round is called.

 

** Law 73D2 “A player may not attempt to mislead an opponent by means of remark or gesture, by the haste or hesitancy of a call or play (as in heisting before playing a singleton), the manner in which a call or play is made or by any purposeful deviation from correct procedure.”



Fouled Boards

Two things to remember

(1) The Directors duty is to restore equity

(2) To be as fair as possible to the Injured Party

If a pair misboarded for the first time it is deemed a mistake. So Injured parties get Avg Plus (by the way this may only work out as an avg score depending on scores and numbers of pairs) so both Injured pairs get Avg plus.

e.g. if N/S fouled the board and you can’t play it, you and other pair get the Avg +

If the same N/S continues to mess up the N/S boards then 40% is subtracted from their score. ie if they got 100% on the fouled board now they it will be adjusted to 60% and no adjustment to the E/W they played against.

To follow the letter of the law it is considered That an Avg + is better for both Injured parties, if they played it, it may work out 60/40 so 65% each is an advantage.

The other angle to watch for, is when we play in competitions of mixed grade and experience some players maybe under severe pressure. First time playing in a club Major competition, age, inexperience, grade, first few times playing in an outside competition. All have to be taken in consideration.

The rule of thumb is: Avg + for Injured party.

If the same pair are fouling boards continually they are penalised.

Probably give them two Chances. If it is an individual competition most TD’s

will not penalise the offenders. Some TDs do give a penalty on first offence

if there is a lot of experience in the game and they feel the offenders should

know better.

This all comes under "Directors Duties and Powers" in the Laws of Bridge

What happens if players misboarded deliberate

TD can try deal with that as separate issue and adjust the

Pairs final scores, It is unlikely that many people would stoop this low!!

Two things to remember

(1) The Directors duty is to restore equity

(2) To be as fair as possible to the Injured Party

If a pair misboarded for the first time it is deemed a mistake. So Injured parties get Avg Plus (by the way this may only work out as an avg score depending on scores and numbers of pairs) so both Injured pairs get Avg plus.

e.g. if N/S fouled the board and you can’t play it, you and other pair get the Avg +

If the same N/S continues to mess up the N/S boards then 40% is subtracted from their score. ie if they got 100% on the fouled board now they it will be adjusted to 60% and no adjustment to the E/W they played against.

To follow the letter of the law it is considered That an Avg + is better for both Injured parties, if they played it, it may work out 60/40 so 65% each is an advantage.

The other angle to watch for, is when we play in competitions of mixed grade and experience some players maybe under severe pressure. First time playing in a club Major competition, age, inexperience, grade, first few times playing in an outside competition. All have to be taken in consideration.

The rule of thumb is: Avg + for Injured party.

If the same pair are fouling boards continually they are penalised.

Probably give them two Chances. If it is an individual competition most TD’s

will not penalise the offenders. Some TDs do give a penalty on first offence

if there is a lot of experience in the game and they feel the offenders should

know better.

This all comes under "Directors Duties and Powers" in the Laws of Bridge

What happens if players misboarded deliberate

TD can try deal with that as separate issue and adjust the

Pairs final scores, It is unlikely that many people would stoop this low!!

Two things to remember

(1) The Directors duty is to restore equity

(2) To be as fair as possible to the Injured Party

If a pair misboarded for the first time it is deemed a mistake. So Injured parties get Avg Plus (by the way this may only work out as an avg score depending on scores and numbers of pairs) so both Injured pairs get Avg plus.

e.g. if N/S fouled the board and you can’t play it, you and other pair get the Avg +

If the same N/S continues to mess up the N/S boards then 40% is subtracted from their score. ie if they got 100% on the fouled board now they it will be adjusted to 60% and no adjustment to the E/W they played against.

To follow the letter of the law it is considered That an Avg + is better for both Injured parties, if they played it, it may work out 60/40 so 65% each is an advantage.

The other angle to watch for, is when we play in competitions of mixed grade and experience some players maybe under severe pressure. First time playing in a club Major competition, age, inexperience, grade, first few times playing in an outside competition. All have to be taken in consideration.

The rule of thumb is: Avg + for Injured party.

If the same pair are fouling boards continually they are penalised.

Probably give them two Chances. If it is an individual competition most TD’s

will not penalise the offenders. Some TDs do give a penalty on first offence

if there is a lot of experience in the game and they feel the offenders should

know better.

This all comes under "Directors Duties and Powers" in the Laws of Bridge

What happens if players misboarded deliberate

TD can try deal with that as separate issue and adjust the

Pairs final scores, It is unlikely that many people would stoop this low!!

Two things to remember

(1) The Directors duty is to restore equity

(2) To be as fair as possible to the Injured Party

If a pair misboarded for the first time it is deemed a mistake. So Injured parties get Avg Plus (by the way this may only work out as an avg score depending on scores and numbers of pairs) so both Injured pairs get Avg plus.

e.g. if N/S fouled the board and you can’t play it, you and other pair get the Avg +

If the same N/S continues to mess up the N/S boards then 40% is subtracted from their score. ie if they got 100% on the fouled board now they it will be adjusted to 60% and no adjustment to the E/W they played against.

To follow the letter of the law it is considered That an Avg + is better for both Injured parties, if they played it, it may work out 60/40 so 65% each is an advantage.

The other angle to watch for, is when we play in competitions of mixed grade and experience some players maybe under severe pressure. First time playing in a club Major competition, age, inexperience, grade, first few times playing in an outside competition. All have to be taken in consideration.

The rule of thumb is: Avg + for Injured party.

If the same pair are fouling boards continually they are penalised.

Probably give them two Chances. If it is an individual competition most TD’s

will not penalise the offenders. Some TDs do give a penalty on first offence

if there is a lot of experience in the game and they feel the offenders should

know better.

This all comes under "Directors Duties and Powers" in the Laws of Bridge

What happens if players misboarded deliberate

TD can try deal with that as separate issue and adjust the

Pairs final scores, It is unlikely that many people would stoop this low!!

Two things to remember

(1) The Directors duty is to restore equity

(2) To be as fair as possible to the Injured Party

If a pair misboarded for the first time it is deemed a mistake. So Injured parties get Avg Plus (by the way this may only work out as an avg score depending on scores and numbers of pairs) so both Injured pairs get Avg plus.

e.g. if N/S fouled the board and you can’t play it, you and other pair get the Avg +

If the same N/S continues to mess up the N/S boards then 40% is subtracted from their score. ie if they got 100% on the fouled board now they it will be adjusted to 60% and no adjustment to the E/W they played against.

To follow the letter of the law it is considered That an Avg + is better for both Injured parties, if they played it, it may work out 60/40 so 65% each is an advantage.

The other angle to watch for, is when we play in competitions of mixed grade and experience some players maybe under severe pressure. First time playing in a club Major competition, age, inexperience, grade, first few times playing in an outside competition. All have to be taken in consideration.

The rule of thumb is: Avg + for Injured party.

If the same pair are fouling boards continually they are penalised.

Probably give them two Chances. If it is an individual competition most TD’s

will not penalise the offenders. Some TDs do give a penalty on first offence

if there is a lot of experience in the game and they feel the offenders should

know better.

This all comes under "Directors Duties and Powers" in the Laws of Bridge

What happens if players misboarded deliberate

TD can try deal with that as separate issue and adjust the

Pairs final scores, It is unlikely that many people would stoop this low!!




Hesitations and other Misleading Actions (Law 73 & 75)

Hesitations

The most common form of Unauthorized Information is the pause that suggests doubt; this is generally called a hesitation.

It is Important to understand that thinking about a hand is hesitating.

Hesitating is NOT ILLEGAL nor does it force partner to pass. But it does put a requirement on partner to avoid taking any advantage.

In deciding whether a “Hesitation” points to particular course of action by partner, the Director may be helped by the following “Rule of Thumb”

1) If a player hesitates and then passes, he/she would welcome a bid or double from partner.

2) If a player hesitates and then doubles he/she would not be unhappy if partner removed the double.

3) After a suit is agreed, if a player hesitates and then bids no trumps, he/she would not be unhappy to hear his/hers partner go back to the agreed suit.

Directors Guidance

The Director should Listen to what all four Players have to say.

1) No: Then there is no adjustment and the matter ends

2) Yes: then the Director tells the players that there is unauthorized information and asks to be recalled at the end of play if they are unhappy. ( if not recalled no adjustments)

If the Director is recalled he has to decide using the following Guidelines:

A) Did the player have a logical alternative to the action that he/she chose to take. “Logical Alternative” is defined as an action that a significant proportion of players of like ability would consider, of whom some would actually take it.

B) Was the player’s choice suggested by the unauthorized Information?

If the answer to 1 & 2 is yes then the Director should adjust score otherwise there is no adjustment.

Having decided to adjust, the Director Decides what difference Contracts and Results might have been, without the player having taken any action suggested by the unauthorized information.

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_______________________________________________________________________________________

Players Have A Duty to Ascertain the Following Information at the start of each Round

1. Their Opponents Basic System
2. Strength of No Trump
3. The Meaning of Two Clubs Over 1NT
Systems of Leads, Signals and Discards
Bids Above the Level of 3NT should not Be alerted Unless They Occur on the First Round

If A player Gives a inaccurate statement of his/hers Partners Call:

If A player Gives a inaccurate statement of his/hers Partners Call:

If A player Gives a inaccurate statement of his/hers Partners Call:

1) The Explanation was an Inaccurate Statement of the partnership Agreement in which case the opponents are entitled to a remedy if they have been Damaged

2) The Original call was a Departure from the Partnership Agreement which had been correctly explained In this case the opponents are not entitled to a remedy but the Director should be called – In case the Explanation has provided the player who made the call with unauthorized Information from which he may have been adjudged to have Profited.
3) A player whose partner has given an incorrect explanation – if he/she becomes declarer or dummy must rectify it before the opening lead is made. (The defender in the pass out seat may then withdraw his final pass and re-open the Auction)

4) A player whose partner has given an Incorrect explanation – if he/she becomes a defender must not speak as to his partners error until the play of the hand is complete. However there is an obligation on a defender to expose partner’s error at the end of play.

A player who realises that he him/herself has given a wrong explanation should call the Director Immediately. The Director will award an adjusted score if he is convinced there is damage in consequence of the wrong explanation.

If a Player Claims to have been damaged because his Opponents Failed to Alert a call and it is Reckoned that he was aware of its Likely meaning He would Fail in his Claim if he had had the opportunity to ask without putting his side at risk

A player should avoid such words as “natural” or “neutral” as they mean different things to different people. The explanation MUST be a clear statement of the partnership agreement. The name of a convention is rarely a conclusive discloser of the meaning of a call, and the opposition is ENTITLED to a full explanation

______________________________________

Illegal doubles or redoubles (Law 36)

Any double or redouble not permitted by the Laws is cancelled. The offender must substitute a legal call and the Offenders partner must pass throughout and there may be lead penalties

____________________________________________

Rectifying Mistakes on score sheet (Law 79)

There is a duty on players to agree the number of tricks won before the hands are returned to the board.

If there is subsequent disagreement, the Director must be called. Up to the end of the round the score can be fully corrected. After the Round has ended and within the correction period a score can still be changed EXCEPT: if a pair who might have a serious effect on the final score cannot have their score increased because of a change of contract or number of tricks.

The scorer is not allowed to change the scores on score sheets when game is over. The score is taken not the Contract. (Exception to this is scores that have the wrong Vul.

Counting Your Cards

Tournament director was called to a table the other night. A problem arose when it was

 discovered towards then end of the game that East had started with 14 cards and West had started with only 12 cards. North/South were in their contract and had committed no foul.

TD rules as follows -

(a) East/West from the previous round who misplaced the cards were given a warning

(b) East /West who found the problem were awareded Average Minus as they have a responsibility to count their cards before looking at same. ( Had one of them done so the error would have been discovered and fixed,)

(c) North/South were awared an average as they were not involved in the problem.


The Revoke

This law has changed under the new 2007 edition.

A Revoke becomes established when the revoker or his/her partner plays a card to the next trick.

If the revoke is not established,the revoker corrects his/her revoke and if he/she was a defender, the card heoriginally played becomes a major penalty card to be played at the first legalopportunity. If the revoke is established the trick cannot be corrected. The hand is played out and after play the TD asks 1 or 2 questions asfollows:

Question 1:

How manytricks did the revoking partnership win from (and including) the revoke trickuntil the end of play?

If theanswer is NONE, no tricks are transferred for the revoke.

If theanswer is ONE, one trick is transferred for the revoke.

If theanswer is TWO or more then you have to ask:

Question 2:

Did therevoker win the revoke trick?

If he did,TWO tricks are transferred for the revoke.

If he didnot, ONE trick is transferred for the revoke trick.

Underthe new 2007 laws, the TD will have to further investigate to see if thenon-offending side would have won more tricks had there been no revoke. If so the TD will adjust the score toreflect this inequity.

Seven Times No Rectification –

1. Offending Side Fails to WinRevoke Trick subsequent Trick

2. Second Revoke in the same suit by Offender

3. Revoke by failure to play a Faced Card

4. After Non– Offending Side calls to next deal

5. After round has ended

6. Revoke on Twelfth Trick

LAW 63

Establishment of Revoke

A. Revoke Becomes Established

A revoke becomes established:

1. When offender or his partner leads or plays to the following trick (any such play, legal or illegal, establishes the revoke)

2. When the offender or his partner names or otherwise designates a card to be played to the following trick.

3. When a member of the offending side makes or agrees to a cliam or concession of tricks orally or by facing his hand or in any other way.

7. Both sides have revoked on same board

Insufficient or Inadmissible Call

If a player has made an insufficient bid and the next player has bid ( or passed) then the insufficenet bid is deemed to have been condoned and no plenalty.

After a player makes an insufficient bid (law 27) (of lesser rank than the last bid at the table), his LHO first receives the option to accept it, in which case no penalty is assessed.

If the bid is rejected, the offender may

(a) replace the bid with a higher legal and natural bid in the same denomination without penalty (but the information remains unauthorized to his partner).

(b) If he elects not to, or if the substituted bid would have been conventional, the offender's partner must pass to the end of auction.

An inadmissible double or redouble is canceled and must be substituted by a legal call, and the offender's partner must pass to the end of auctio

If a player has made an insufficient bid and the next player has bid ( or passed) then the insufficenet bid is deemed to have been condoned and no plenalty.

After a player makes an insufficient bid (law 27) (of lesser rank than the last bid at the table), his LHO first receives the option to accept it, in which case no penalty is assessed.

If the bid is rejected, the offender may

(a) replace the bid with a higher legal and natural bid in the same denomination without penalty (but the information remains unauthorized to his partner).

(b) If he elects not to, or if the substituted bid would have been conventional, the offender's partner must pass to the end of auction.

An inadmissible double or redouble is canceled and must be substituted by a legal call, and the offender's partner must pass to the end of auctio