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13th Sep 2018 20:12 BST
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We have a reciprocal arrangement with Effingham Bridge Club whereby, members can play (Duplicate) on Friday evenings, at South Bookham Space, Dorking Road, Great Bookham, Surrey, KT23 4PB at 7.30.p.m.   Table money only £2.50  per session.

Welcome to Oxshott Bridge Club
California becomes First State to Mandate Women on Boards

California legislators passed a bill this month that requires major companies based in the state to put female directors on their boards. If the bill is signed into law by Gov. Jerry Brown, a Democrat, publicly traded companies based in the state will need to have at least one woman on their boards by the end of next year and, on boards of five or more directors, two or three women by the end of 2021, depending on the board’s size. Those that don’t would face financial penalties.

“One-fourth of California’s publicly traded companies still do not have a single woman on their board, despite numerous independent studies that show companies with women on their board are more profitable and productive,” said state Sen. Hannah-Beth Jackson, a Democrat representing Santa Barbara. “With women comprising over half the population and making over 70% of purchasing decisions, their insight is critical to discussions and decisions that affect corporate culture, actions and profitability.” Opponents of the mandate, led by California’s Chamber of Commerce, argued that while they agree with the legislation’s intent, a quota based solely on gender takes into account only one element of diversity and would violate the U.S. and California constitutions because it could conceivably put companies in the position of turning down a male board candidate or displacing a male board member based on his sex.

California State Sen. Hannah-Beth Jackson, a Democrat, says women’s insight ‘is critical to discussions and decisions that affect corporate culture, actions and profitability.’

Countries including France, Germany and Italy have enacted more stringent mandates for women on corporate boards in recent years. In the U.S., even some staunch advocates of boosting the numbers of female directors have been reluctant to endorse board quotas. Among firms in the Russell 3000 Index, which includes most public companies on major U.S. stock exchanges, 485, or 17%, had all-male boards in the second quarter, according to Equilar, a research firm that gathers data on executives and boards. California is home to 86 companies in the Russell 3000 that don’t have any women on their boards, including shoe-maker Skechers USA Inc., entertainment technology firm TiVo Corp. and Inc., which sells printable postage. Many large corporations based in California, including Chevron Corp, Netflix Inc. and Alphabet Inc. —the parent company of Google and YouTube—already have multiple female directors. Though the proposed law immediately affects a limited number of companies, its passage would put further pressure on Silicon Valley’s startups to bring gender diversification to their boards before going public.

More women are joining boards, spurred in part by pressure from investors. Despite the increase, the overall share of women on boards has ticked up only slightly, to 17.7% in the second quarter from 16.2% in the year-earlier period. Board recruiters say the lack of turnover is slowing change. The average director at an S&P 500 company stays on more than eight years and the majority of boards have no term limits, according to Spencer Stuart, an executive recruitment firm.

By contrast, the number of women on big-company boards in Italy, Germany and several other European nations has tripled and, in some cases, quadrupled in recent years as mandates have forced corporations to boost the share of female directors to as much as 40%. In the U.S., some diversity advocates have cautioned that legal mandates could undercut more organic, economics-driven efforts to spur change. Rakhi Kumar, a senior managing director at State Street who oversees its board-diversity efforts, has said that on average, large European companies continue to have fewer women in senior executive roles than their U.S. counterparts. All public companies are required to have a board of directors that represents shareholders and oversees company management.

There seemed to be plenty of diversity among those who turned up at the Oxshott Bridge Club last night to contest our regular Club Night, although both Players in the Top Pairing were both Gentlemen Members!!??  You can read all about the evening's play in the Report by clicking on the "Competitions" tab in the Menu to the left of this box. Alternatively you can study the full Leaderboard and the individual Travellers by clicking on the "Calendar & Past Results" and again on "Wed 12 Sep".