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Gloucestershire County Bridge
 
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June Committee meeting notes now out - click here. GCBA Privacy Notices published - click here.  June newsletter now out - click here.  

GCBA now has a Facebook presence : search on "GCBA bridge" or click here to find it; if you have a Facebook account, you can "follow" the page and get all the news delivered to you as it happens.

 
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Midland Bowl

Intercounty Teams Competition

  8th July 2018

Hosted by GCBA this year

Teams to represent Gloucestershire:

Patrick Shields & Garry Watson with Judy & Allan Sanis

Richard Harris & Trisha Gilham with Joe & Wendy Angseesing

 

LATEST NEWS/CHANGES

02 Jun 2018 : latest newsletter - June 2018; the Privacy Notice has been published;  the County Strategy which will be reviewed this month is there for reading;  the AGM minutes are published.

06 May 2018: the latest newletter is there - May 2018, and older are on the Newsletter TAB on left.  Committee minutes for April 18 meeting now added.

20 Feb 2018 : latests two sets of committee minutes added under GCBA Organisation TAB08 Jul : Facebook logo link added to the top of the screen

01 Apr : the EBU have released a video about card dealing - well worth watching - click here.

 
Puzzle of the Day Dec17
Christmas Quiz 10

Your strong NT is overcalled with a bid showing 9 cards in the majors. West leads the ♠ K and continues the suit when you duck, East showing an odd number. You cash 2 diamonds and West follows. How do you play the club suit and why?

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Christmas Quiz 9

You lead the 5 against 3NT.  East plays the 9 and declarer wins with the King. South leads the A, East playing the 3, and follows with the 5.  How do you play to this trick?

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Christmas Quiz 8

You declare 6♣ after a strong club auction.  West leads the ♠K.  You win and return a spade.  East discards a heart on this trick and West switches to a trump. You win in dummy with the ♣8 and run the Q successfully.  Plan the play from here (trumps are breaking 3-2)

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Christmas Quiz 7

Partner finds the lead of ♣2 against 3NT which goes to the 3,10 and 5.  Your club King is allowed to win the next trick.  What is your next move?

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Christmas Quiz 6

You play in 4 on the lead of the ♣Q.  When you play trumps, they prove to break 3-1.  How do you set about making 10 tricks?

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Christmas Quiz 5

You lead the J against this game, on which East plays the 5 and declarer the Ace.  South plays off AK and a third spade, East discarding 2 low hearts and the ♣5.  How do you plan the defence?

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Christmas Quiz 4

West leads the ♠6 to East's Ace.  East returns the ♠Q. Plan the play.  Trumps are 3-1 with East holding a singleton.

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Christmas Quiz 3

What is the best line of play in 3NT on the ♠J lead?

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Christmas Quiz 2

West starts with K.  You win and lay down the ♠A, both opponents follwing small.  Play from here.

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Christmas Quiz 1

West leads the K.  Clubs break 2-1.  Plan the play.

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THE CHRISTMAS QUIZ
The 'Hand of the Day' feature will continue over the Christmas period in the form of ten puzzles for you to solve.  A different puzzle will appear each day, and for each puzzle that you attempt, you should post your answer using the form that appears alongside that day's puzzle (please mark it with the puzzle number).  Solutions submitted this way will only be visible to the puzzle setters, not to any other quiz entrant.
 
The final puzzle will be published on New Year's day and solutions will be accepted at any time up until midnight on 2nd January 2018.  A solutions sheet will be posted to the website on January 3rd.  It does not matter whether you choose to post your solutions each day, or wait and submit several at a time - either way, please only use the form on each puzzle for your submissions.  It does not matter if you cannot solve all of the problems, just do what you can.  If you do attempt all of the problems, you will end up having posted 10 separate forms.  Please note that each competitor will only be allowed one attempted solution to each problem. 
 
Hopefully the puzzles will help you improve your bridge thinking skills and hence your game.  We will accept donations of unwanted Christmas presents, but whatever comes in, there will at least be a (low value) prize in the form of a pre-owned bridge book for the winner of the quiz.  In the event of multiple entrants achieving the same score, then the winner(s) will be selected at random.  
 
We hope that as many of you as possible will find the time to enter - but in any case that you enjoy the puzzles.
A Sure Thing?

West leads the ♠K against your slam. You win and play the ♣K, East showing out. Can you ensure the contract?

The contract is now a sure thing. Draw three rounds of trumps. Only East can hold diamond length and you can cater for him having all 5 missing diamonds. Play the 10 towards dummy. If West shows out, duck the trick to East. If East wins, you later have a ruffing finesse against him. If he ducks, you can later ruff a diamond and concede just one trick in the suit. Anything less than a 5-0 diamond split makes your task easier. You can also succeed by leading the 2 towards dummy provided you rise with the Ace when West shows out.  A small diamond towards your ten places East in the same dilemma as before.

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How do you defend?

Your partner leads the 4. Declarer wins the first trick with the K and plays a club to dummy's 8. How do you see the defence unfolding?

You plan to return partners suit. It looks like East has led from Qxxx. If you win the first club with the Knave, South will have no option but to enter dummy with a spade and take a winning heart finesse for his contract. If you win with the King, declarer might decide that he should play on clubs for his contract rather than risk a heart finesse. If he does play this way, you will defeat him with 3 clubs and 2 diamonds. 

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How do you Play?

Against your 4NT contract. West leads the ♣9. You win and finesse the J, but this loses to the Q and East returns the ♠J. Play from here.

This hand hinges on the heart suit. If you needed 3 tricks from hearts, your next play should be a heart to the King. On this hand however, you only need 2 tricks in hearts to fulfill your contract and the correct play is to now run the 8. If this loses to the 9, you can later set up 2 more heart winners. If you make the mistake of playing a heart to the King, you will be limited to one heart trick if the cards are as shown.

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Defend like a Champion

West begins with King, Ace and another diamond. You ruff with your lone trump, and South follows, having begun with Q98. What do you play now?

From your point of view, you don't want declarer to discard a losing heart on the fourth diamond. Whilst you don't know how the spades lie, the best defence at this point is to return the ♠K. This denies declarer an entry to dummy. At the table, declarer won the ♠A and played another spade, but West ruffed. 2 rounds of hearts followed by a third spade promoted an extra trump trick for the defence, giving them a penalty of 1400.

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Counting is key

North shows touching faith in your bidding and blasts a grand slam.  West leads the ♠3.  How do you plan the play?

The contract hinges on how you play the diamonds.  You might expect East to be short in the suit as he has pre-empted in a different suit, but this is not certain.  Win the spade lead and play 1 top diamond: lets say they both follow but no Queen appears.  Now you should cash your heart and club winners in dummy and watch what East plays.  You can infer from the lead of a low spade that East has 7 spades and West 3.  When you play off your winners, you count how many clubs and hearts East held.  If he totals 3 cards in these suits, he figures to hold 3 diamonds and ultimately you will finesse the J.  If East shows 4 cards, you play to drop the diamond, and with more than 4 cards in hearts and clubs, you resign yourself to failure.  Counting is the key.

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Sixes and Sevens

Todays hand offers opportunities to shine in both bidding and play. Once South opens 2NT, North is obviously slamming. One possible route to a grand slam would be for North to start with a transfer to spades and then jump to 5♣. A jump to a new suit in this situation is artificial - if you just had a big hand with spades and clubs then you would have continued with a natural and forcing 4♣ bid.  5♣ in this sequence is exclusion Blackwood and asks for key cards but with the proviso that partner will ignore any key cards in clubs.  South will hence show 3 key cards which North knows to be the ♠AK and the A. North can now bid 7♠. The first question is how you would play this hand on a trump lead, both opponents following to the first spade?

Clearly there is no problem if the diamonds break. If trumps are 2-2 then you can cope with a 4-1 diamond break by ruffing a diamond in South.  If trumps are 3-1 (they are), then you may get away with cashing 2 trumps and then playing diamonds. If the player with the third trump also has 4 diamonds, then you can still ruff that suit good.  However, there is an additional chance in your grand slam - can you see what that is?

If one player holds Kx then you can ruff a heart in dummy, setting up 2 hearts and a club winner for diamond discards. Well played if you spotted this line.

However, your bidding is not up to reaching the grand slam and you play in 6♠. How do you play on the lead of a heart if trumps are 3-1? 

6♠ is 100% once there is no trump loser - it is just a matter of counting your sure tricks. You have 6 spades, 3 diamonds, 1 heart and 1 club on top and you always have an extra trick in hearts irrespective of who has the K.  Just draw 3 rounds of trumps and lead the Q, throwing a diamond from dummy.  This gives you 12 tricks no matter how the opposing cards lie. The diamond suit is an illusion on this hand as you don't need to generate any extra tricks in the suit. Somehow this is not easy to see at the table.

If you look at the full deal, you will see that the diamonds break 5-0 on this hand, so 7♠ looks doomed as the King of hearts does not drop doubleton. However, this hand shows the fascination of the game in that the grand slam can still be made on the above layout. Can you see how?

Win the trump lead and test the heart suit  to see if the King falls. When it doesn't, you just run all the trumps.  East comes under pressure in 3 suits. He cannot discard 2 diamonds without immediately conceding defeat so say he bares the ♣K. You cross back to hand with the A and play off 2 clubs to squeeze East again.  

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Prize-winner

You start with the ♠6 against 3NT. Partner plays the 2 and declarer the 5.  On a diamond from dummy, East plays the 3 and South the Queen.  What now?

It is clear that South holds ♠AQx and it is going to be impossible to beat the contract unless you can shut out dummy's diamonds.  The way to do this is to play the Q, a little known blocking play.  If the Queen is covered by the King, partner must play his part and duck.  To lead a low heart instead of the Queen is not so effective.  South will let it ride round to his 10 and will subsequently enter dummy by finessing the J  

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How do you Play?

West leads the ♣10.  Plan the play.

Count your tricks as always.  The club lead means you have 5 spades, 2 clubs and 2 diamonds so you are on trick short.  The extra trick might come from a successful diamond finesse, or the cards might lie in such a way that you make a heart trick.  However, a little thought will show that you will always make a heart trick if the opponents lead the suit rather you you having to broach it yourself.  You should therefore draw trumps and cash your clubs before playing 3 rounds of diamonds, refusing the finesse.  Whoever wins this trick will have to open the hearts or give you a ruff and discard.

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Make the Right Assumption

West starts with the K.  Plan the play.

This is an example of a second degree assumption.  If you are to have any chance of making the contract, the A must be with West.  If this is the case he cannot hold the ♠A - else he would have had enough to open the bidding.  Since you can only lead trumps once from dummy, you should win the heart and lead a spade, playing the King if East plays low.  You hope the full layout is akin to that shown. 

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Spot the Danger

West cashes the A and switches to the ♣K.  Plan the play.

With West marked with all the missing high cards, the danger is that spades break badly.  You should therefore win the ♣A and play a spade towards dummy.  When the Jack holds, return with a diamond to play another low spade towards dummy's Queen.  All that West can do is win one spade, one heart and one club trick.

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How do you defend?

You lead the ♠K and this holds trick 1.  How do you plan the defence?

It is difficult to see declarer succeeding unless he has a solid club suit.  Since you know that as the cards lie, he cannot overtake in clubs, you must attack South's only possible entry - the A.

At trick 2 switch to the K and if this is ducked, continue with another heart.

If instead you play a second spade at trick 2, declarer wins, cashes dummy's clubs and returns to hand with the A to take his remaining club tricks.  In the endgame you will have to concede the ninth trick.

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Careful Play Needed

After West has opened with 1♠, he leads the ♠5 against 3NT.  Plan the play.

On this hand it is all too easy to allow the first trick to run round to your hand and to win cheaply with the ♠10.  This is careless play.  If your ♠10 is forced out at trick 1, when you knock out the ♣A, West will win and play ♠ AJ.  This sets up another spade trick for when he wins the A.  On the reasonabkle assumption that West hold all the missing Aces, you must play the ♠Q from dummy at trick 1.  Now West cannot attack spades again without conceding 3 tricks in the suit, bringing your total winners to 9.

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How do you Play?

West leads the ♠4 to East's ♠10.  Plan the play.

If South held ♠Kxx, it would be easy to see the need to duck.  There are 2 diamond honours to knock out and this can be done safely if they are divided or if East holds both.  By ducking the first spade, declarer ensures that East will not have a spade to return when he gets in with his diamond honour.  A little thought will show that with West marked with the ♠K, the ♠QJ are effectively the same as holding the King - hence you should duck at trick 1.  If you win trick 1 and play a diamond, East can win and return his spade and West will clear the suit with a diamond entry to enjoy the established spades.  If you duck trick 1, East will return a spade, but you have 2 spade stops and now East is out of spades when he wins his diamond trick.

[If West held both diamond honours, there must have been a good chance of the hand opening the bidding]

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