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Avoiding problems at the table

Next Committee Meeting

Friday 21st June, 5.00pm

Interesting Hands
Jackie Josephson

We played a Jackie Josephson match on Monday. Hand 15 produced a hand which was interesting from many points of view.

The hand was only worth 1 and over the double my partner bid 2. We play 4 card majors so the bid is not as conservative as you might think. I tried 3♣  which we play as stronger than 3. With only 3 hearts but good points a flat hand 4 is not unreasonable.

I got lucky with the lead of ♣ K, drew one round of trump before playing a spade. North correctly went up with ♠ A, and returned the ♠ Q. I now drew the last trump and exited with a spade, North won perforce and was end played.

Question can you do the same on a heart lead?



Win the heart lead and immediately play a spade towards dummy. Assuming North does the same as before win the K, play the ♣ A, draw the last trumps and exit with the third spade. Now North has the Club K and Q and appears to have a safe exit. However, ducking the ♣ K (discarding a diamond from hand) leaves North in the same position as before.

If we change the hand and give South the ♠ J so that he gets in and leads a club, again you duck, he has done your work for you. He can defeat you by switching to a diamond. Would you have?

Board 4 Wednesday 1st August

♠ K 7                              ♠ A Q 6 5

♥ K J 7 3                        ♥ A 10 6 5

♦ Q J 2                            ♦ A 6 3

♣ A 9 7 4                        ♣ Q 2

West opens 1NT and North overcalls 2♠. Which shows spades and a minor. Both sides are vulnerable, so as East what do you say?

Most people play: - your partner has made a limit bid and any new suit is non-forcing. Transfers are off and doubles are for penalty. The only forcing bid is 3♠. However, that would, initially, ask partner if they had a stop in spades for 3NT. In this case, you have that, and if partner does not he will bid his suit, which is probably Clubs. Both sides are vulnerable and a double is very tempting, with 12 – 14 points for the opener and no long suit in your hand a slam is unlikely. It would be nice to find partner with 4 hearts, but Norths bid says they are likely to break bad. So East bid 3NT which is passed out.

North leads the 5♦ and west lets than run around to the 8 and Q.

You have 3 spades, 3 hearts, two diamonds and one club you are home. In teams you will play hearts to guarantee the third heart. So, with shortage on your left you play a heart to A and finesse the J on the way back, North discards a small spade.

North’s mildly eccentric vulnerable 2 spades was based on 8 points. Let us see if we can extract some punishment. Surely, they must have K♣, so a club towards the Q and the K jumps up.

Ever hopeful North tries a second diamond, which is run to your J. The Q was played at trick one on the bases that if you do not give the opposition a chance to make a mistake they just will not do it.

Our attention now swings to South whom started with 4 hearts and 5 clubs. We now have 3 spades, 3 hearts, 3 diamonds and two clubs tricks. We have lost one trick and are going to squeeze South for another trick.

♠ K 7                              ♠ A Q 6 5

♥ K 7                              ♥ 10 6

♦ 2                                  ♦ A

♣ A 9 7                           ♣ Q

                ♠10 8

                ♥ Q 9


                ♣ 10 8 6 5

We just have to play off the tricks in the correct order.

A small club to Q, the diamond A then the spade back to the K, Now the club A discarding a heart. Now the A of spades, and on the Q of spades we have

♠                                     ♠ Q 6

♥ K 7                              ♥ 10

♦                                     ♦  

♣ 9                                  ♣


                ♥ Q 9


                ♣ 10

No further counting is required, no studying of the pips all you need to see is whether it is a heart south discards or not, if not throw the ♥7 and if it is, then throw the ♣9.

North was heard to say “perhaps I shouldn’t have overcalled.”

Wednesday Night - Board 9

                                                ♠  A K 2
                                                  8 4
                                                  A K 8 5
                                                ♣  Q 9 3 2

            ♠  9 7 6 4                                            ♠  Q 8 5
              Q 9 7 3                                             K 10 6 2
              9 7 2                                                 J 3
            ♣  10 5                                                ♣  J 8 7 4

                                                ♠  J 10 3
                                                  A J 5
                                                  Q 10 6 4
                                                ♣  A K 6

North opens 1 Diamond, I have no good bid and decide to make a waiting bid of 2 Clubs. This “kind of” backfires when North responds 3 Clubs.
I think this is not a minimum hand else why not open 1NT, too shapely? I have to find out more so I bid 3H, my partner will know this is a 3NT try and not a suit, I would have bid 1H with 4 in the suit, long before bidding a 5-card minor.
I get a 3NT response showing 1½ to 2 stops in spades. Now it is decision time. North sounds like a strongish hand, or a weaker one but with 5 – 4 in the minors or 4 cards in the majors If N is 3 1 in spades and hearts we have probably only one loser in the majors. I hope with my holding in the minors we have no minor losers. I’m going to back my judgement so I bid 6 D.
From the insert table my judgment was correct and we were the only pair to bid it. However a 31 point slam is not going to be easy.

You have 2S + 1H + 4D + 3C and one ruff to give 11 tricks, one shy.
A spade finesse or clubs breaking kindly will give the contract, that is a 50% for the spade and 36% for the club, you must try the club before taking the finesse. OR, a black suit squeeze against either opponent. You have no idea against whom but that does not matter as the squeeze will be of the automatic nature. I.e. split threats which you have, the play, will be about entries / communication.
A spade lead gives the contract right away, a heart lead allows you to duck at trick one and rectify the count, the most difficult lead turns out to be a club.
Club lead, win with the A (you need the Q later) now the A and then Q of diamonds, the suit breaks. Spade A, Now Heart A and another heart. It really does not mater what they do now. A club return, win with K, ruff a heart high, play spade K overtake the small diamond and throw the 2 spades on the last diamond.
You are in dummy with Spade J and club 6. And in your own hand you have the club Q 9.
What two cards has east kept. If the spade Q has not shown, then, has there been a club discard? In this case East has thrown a club and even though West shows out you get the last two tricks.
Not so easy at the table.

Monday 5th March, Board 6

Hand 6 on Monday night appears to have caused a few South a play problem.





http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/spade.png AK

http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/heart.png KJ9542

http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/diamond.png J8

http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/club.png 765






http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/spade.png Q109762

http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/heart.png 10

http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/diamond.png AQ52

http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/club.png J10

East was dealer and passed.

South might be tempted to open 1http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/spade.png but 2http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/spade.png shows the hand better but is as good as it comes.

This will appear to cause West a problem, dependent on the West you are playing against, they will either Double, bid 3http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/club.png or eventually pass. North will now bid 3http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/spade.png. When this comes around to South they will be left wondering whether this is pre-emptive, which is the normal in most partnerships or quantitative. If quantitative South has maximum and should bid 4.

The 2-spade opener has backfired as it has left NS out of control. It is definitely unacceptable for you to take advantage of your partners hesitation, but perfectly correct to take advantage of any hesitation made by the opposition. Thus, your partner knows his cards are lying behind strength and only bids 3, it is trust your partner time and you should pass.

With the hesitation, bid or double the hand is quite easy to play.

West starts with Ahttp://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/club.png and you decline to be rushed.

We do not wish to ruff on the table as our best chance of avoiding a spade loser is to find the suit breaking 2 - 3.

You have two clubs and two diamonds to lose, plus a heart and perhaps a spade. There are 19 points missing and we are inclined to put 14+ with our LHO. So, West has at the most 5 points. We need to concentrate in counting his hand, we are highly hopeful that West has the Ahttp://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/heart.png, If so then there is room in East’s hand for heart Q or diamond K.

At this point we decide that the first card we are going to play when in is 10http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/heart.png.

Now we play 5http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/club.png etc, West continues with K http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/club.png East playing upwards, and, after some thought, west continues with a third club, East playing the http://www.bridgewebs.com/bwicons/suits/club.pngQ you mentally note that East has only 3 points left. You ruff and immediately play the heart.

Now it does not matter what West does. Plays the A you will play two rounds of trump, cash the heart K, ruff a heart, draw the last trump and play a small diamond towards the Jack, 9 tricks.

If west does not take the ace go up with the K, now play a heart and rough, a small spade to the K and a second round of spades and ruff a third-round heart. Draw the last trump and play a small diamond towards the table, losing two clubs and the diamond K as the hearts broke as did the spades.

So, 140 or 170 seems like the par score for the board. So how come as defenders we got 10% when our declarer made 9 tricks.

Moan moan,

The odds are against it

Hand 17 on Monday night (23 Oct) annoyed me. I broke several of my personnel little rules and got 31% for my troubles.
North deals and passes. East opens 1♠  which shuts me up. West passes. Your partner decides to protect your pass with a bid of 2. East passes so round to you.

Now I am a firm believer in, if you are in a hole - stop digging, but decided that 2NT would be better than 2  the trouble with most rescue operations your partner is unaware of your chivalry and, as I should have expected, bid 3NT

The 5 is led, and dummy goes down -

                                                ♠  Q 9
                                                  9 8
                                                  A J 10 4 3
                                                ♣ K 8 6 3

                                                ♠ J 10 7 6 2
                                                  A K 6

                                               ♣  A J 10 4

The club lead gives you at least 3 club tricks, to add to your two hearts and one diamond, and you can set up two spades leaving you one short, at this point I failed to cover the 5 with the 6 blowing the immediate chance of a fourth club when East discards 6.

You need to set about establishing the Spade tricks immediately and lead a spade to the ♠Q, West following with the ♠ 3. East switches to hearts, playing the  2, you rise with the K and West plays the 3. You continue with a spade to the ♠9, which is allowed to hold, West discarding 2♣. You get back to your hand with a club to the ♣A, East discarding the  4♥. You lead ♠ J West reluctantly discards a diamond and you throw a diamond from dummy. East wins and plays the  5 - crunch time - do you win? Alternatively, do you duck?  If you win, what do you do next?

You do not have a perfect count, BUT if the hearts are breaking 4 - 4, then West started with 5 clubs, 4 hearts, one spade and three diamonds and has 2 clubs, three hearts and two diamonds left.

West started with 5 spades, and, if the hearts divide, 4 hearts and 4 diamonds, and has left, two spades two hearts and three diamonds.

The question is, it's Match point scoring, you will get 31% for going one off, 16% for going two off and 98% for making it, So what are the odds for East have held at the beginning exactly 4 hearts to the Q, or three to the Q, to hold the "Marriage" in diamonds. There is every room on the bidding and play for east to have started with 5 hearts to the Q or Q to 4, and you will have to guess on the position of the diamond Q.

The cards lay like this -

                                               ♠  - -
                                                  9 -
                                                 A J 10 4 -
                                                ♣  K 8 - -

                        ♠  -                                                       ♠  - - 8 5 -
                          J 10 7 -                                              Q 5 - -
                          8 7 -                                                   K Q 9 -
                        ♣  Q 9 - - -                                           ♣  -

                                                ♠  - 10 7 - -
                                                  A - 6
                                                ♣  - J - 4

In aggregate or teams the play is easy. Win with the A and return the heart 6 discarding the club 8. In again, East has to give you an extra spade or two extra diamonds. Assume East leads the K, then win with the A and return the J hoping East has the Q, or duck the K and east can trap his own or his partner's Q or give you the spade finesse.
I went lamely one down. Not my night.

Responder's first bid

Board 22 on Monday night, 8th Aug, proved challenging for some players to bid their slam.
Here are the North South hands.

♠  Q J
  K Q J 7
  6 4 3
♣  J 7 6 2



♠  A K 9 4
  A 4
  A K 10 7 5 2
♣  A

East, the dealer Passes.
South, with 22 points and 6 quick tricks opens 2C, game force. The requirement of a game force opener is 23 points or 5 quick tricks.

For such a benign hand, it is strange that North's choice of bid is so important.
Those of you who elected to use 2D - negative will have difficulty catching up.
The requirement of a positive is as little as an A and K or 8 points. I.e. 7 points is ok if they are made up of an A and a K.

Bidding 2H would imply 5 cards in that suit.
North's hand has 10 points and is flat and aceless. This is a standard ACOL bid of 2NT, showing 10+ aceless points and a flat hand. This is exactly what North has.
South, looking at a three loser hand, and a partner with at least two diamonds has no problem in bidding the small slam, but needs a mechanism to find if his partner has the  Q to allow the grand to be bid. (Note the diamonds broke two/two and 7 is made, but that is a 50.1% chance and not one worth taking)

If North opts for 2D the bidding is likely to proceed.

            P          2♣        P          2 
            P          3        P          3 
            P          3♠        P          ??

3NT has the touch of the Hideous Hog about it, 4D is slam invitation and implies a first round control somewhere, 5D is just giving in, and, an end of the evening and I want to go home bid.
Us old style ACOL players would remember the old ACOL bid of 2NT, showing 10+ ace-less points and a flat hand, that is, if it was not for creeping senility, and the bid does not come up every year.


I do not normally talk about bidding as everyone has his or her own style. However, I have noticed a distinct reluctance to use the redouble as part of your armoury in the first round of bidding. I know the style these days is to bid a new suit, forcing, jump in a weak suit and only redouble when neither applies, so the use of the bid is much less.
I thought it might be worthwhile to review the bid.

The bidding:

            -           1H       x          xx,


So what does the xx mean?
It shows 10 or more points perhaps shaded to nine.
It usually means little enthusiasm for hearts, it also promises to speak again. The minimum holding would be something like -
♠ A J 9 7  ♥  10 4  ♦ K 10 8  ♣  Q 10 9 6


Now let us return to opener's hand, the bidding sequence is the same for all the examples below.

            -           1H       x          xx            2C       ?


a) ♠ A 7   ♥ A Q 8 7 2   ♦ K 9 8 6  ♣ 6 5
Pass: You have your opener and you cannot double Clubs. Let your partner decide, you have a misfit, defending with a misfit is much more fun than playing with one.


b) ♠ A K 7  ♥ K Q 10 9 2   ♦ A 9 8 6  ♣ 2
Pass: Game for you is likely, not certain; if partner doubles, you are going to get a big score. Note bidding 2D would show a sub minimum point count. Partner has promised to bid again.


c) ♠ 8 4  ♥ A K 7 6 4   ♦ A 5  ♣ K 9 3 2
Double: "Come into my parlour said the spider to the fly". Partner is short of hearts, as will dummy, Partner will be in the uppercut position.


d) ♠ 9  ♥ K 9 8 6 5 2   ♦ A Q J 6 4  ♣ 7
2♦ : You are underweight in the high card department, your bid was a perfectly normal weak ACOL opener - note - not a weak two, it is better than that. However, it needs to be played in a red suit and you must tell your partner that it is weak and of no use in defence.


e) ♠ J 7 4  ♥ A K Q 10 9 5    ♦ J 9 5  ♣ 6
2♥: To my mind you should have opened a week 2, you have 9 working points, and perhaps one defensive trick, however some partners prefer you to go down rather than open 2H with more than 10 points. That aside the bid shows a weak hand with an excellent suit, and it will play with a dummy void in hearts.


Hand c is the only hand where the bid is different if your RHO passes. In c) you would pass.


Bye the bye, if your partner is the doubler and is redoubled, then - if you bid, it is not a free bid, discuss this with your partner. Let us give you.

♠ x x x  ♥ x x x x    ♦ x x x  ♣ x x x

Your partner is going to bid spades; your pass says you are weak weak weak.
Your partner is going to be doubled.
If you bid spades, they will think you have a fit and may not wish to double, your partner must realise that this is a probability / possibility.

How about

♠  x   ♥ x x x x    ♦ x x ♣ x x x x x x
You must bid 2C, you must tell partner not to bid on.


I said at the beginning that a redouble by you promises another bid. So

            -           1H       x          xx,

            Pass     Pass     2C       ?

You promised your partner another bid so a pass here from you says, I still do not like your hearts, I really hoped they would bid another suit, I do not know where best to play. Partner with 13 points, 5 hearts and 5 clubs will double for penalties. With 15 points will bid 3NT with a double stop in clubs or will bid 3 clubs to find out more.